Promoting E-Rulemaking in the EU through Deliberative Procedures


Under the supervision of Dr Jane Suiter, Dr Anastasia Deligiaouri is a Marie Curie Research Fellow working on the project “Promoting E-Rulemaking in the EU through Deliberative Procedures” (PEREDEP). PEREDEP is an interdisciplinary research project based on theories of deliberative democracy and participatory democracy. It’s innovative character lies in the effective combination and implementation of deliberation, law making and policy making procedures for the purpose of strengthening citizens’ voices in the EU and, more specifically, in law making procedures and policies. It assesses the potential and limitations of ‘e-rulemaking’ in the European Union (EU). E-Rulemaking initiatives remain the most prominent area of applied e-deliberation and “may be the only form of online deliberation that regularly ends in some form of actual implementation by the state” (Schlosberg, Zavestoski, & Shulman, 2007:37).

The project addresses two major topics: responsible citizenship and the prerequisites for qualitative civic participation in an e-rulemaking initiative in the EU following-deliberative procedures. For this purpose, it will examine thoroughly the preconditions for meaningful and effective political participation that can have an impact on policy making in the context of e-rulemaking. The project is interdisciplinary  in nature as the research it proposes stands at the crossroads of political science (with specific attention to deliberation theory and participatory democracy), media studies (with specific attention to new media theory and e-participation) and certainly law as it refers to law making procedures in the EU

PEREDEP aims to produce outcomes that are informed by relevant empirical analysis and are of practical value. To this extent it aspires to provide valuable contribution to the current ‘Better Regulation Agenda” of the EC which was launched in 2015. The purpose is to strengthen the deliberative features of this Agenda in order for policies and law making procedures to be informed of citizens interests, demands and expectations.

In summary, this project will:

1) critically assess and develop the conceptual framework relating to citizens’ involvement in the existing e-rulemaking processes in the EU;

2) delineate the appropriate preconditions for increasing public understanding of law-making procedures in the EU, for enabling European citizens to successfully engage in such participatory initiatives, for improving the quality of public commenting process and finally, for strengthening the impact of an e-rulemaking initiative in policy making; and

3) assess the actual implementation of an e-rulemaking initiative in the EU through the organization of a workshop and relevant consultation with EU officials.

This project is funded by the European Commission’s MSCA-IF-2017 – Individual Fellowships (Ref: 798502).



Deligiaouri, Anastasia and Suiter, Jane (2020) ‘Evaluation of Public Consultations and Citizens’ participation in 2015 Better Regulation Agenda of the EU and the need for a deliberative e-rulemaking initiative in the EU’, European Politics and Society

Deligiaouri, Anastasia and Suiter, Jane (2019) “Assessing Democracy in vitro, in vivo and in actu and the role of democratic theory today”Democratic Theory, 6:2, 70-84.

Papers in progress:

Deligiaouri, Anastasia and Suiter Jane (under journal review) A Policy Impact Tool to assess policy effectiveness elicited through public participation in deliberative e-rulemaking initiatives” (in English)

Deligiaouri, Anastasia and Suiter, Jane “Democratic Innovations: Oscillating between representation and participation in deliberative fora and the question of legitimacy” (under journal review)

Conference papers:

Deligiaouri, Anastasia and Suiter, Jane (2020) A deliberative e-rulemaking pilot study. Facilitating online deliberation in law making procedures paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Political Studies Association in Ireland (PSAI), 9-10 October 2020 (virtual conference)

Deligiaouri, Anastasia and Suiter, Jane (2020) Democratic Innovations and policy making. Advantages, shortcomings, ‘reverse representation’ and the potential of a ‘hybrid representative democracy”, paper presented at the ECPR general virtual conference, 24-28 August 2020.

Deligiaouri, Anastasia and Suiter, Jane (2019) “Democratic Innovations and Representation. An (un)comfortable relation?” paper presented at the Conference: Democratic Renewal in Times of Polarisation. The case of Belgium KU Leuven, 19-20 September 2019

Deligiaouri, Anastasia and Suiter, Jane (2019) “When does participation matter? Developing a Policy Impact Index to assess the policy impact of citizens’ participation in e-rulemaking”, paper presented at ECPR General Conference, Section Democratic Innovations, 4-7 September 2019, Wroclaw, Poland. (in English)

Deligiaouri, Anastasia  &Suiter, Jane (2019) “E-rulemaking in the EU. Legitimacy and Deliberation”, paper presented at the workshop “Deliberation in Law making Procedures. Enhancing Trust in Modern Democracies”, Dublin City University, School of Communications, Ireland, May 9th, 2019 (member of the organising Committee).

Deligiaouri, Anastasia & Suiter, Jane (2019) “E(U)-Rulemaking in a deliberative environment. Current state and challenges of deliberative law making at the EU level” paper presented at PSA Conference 2019, for the Participatory and Deliberative Democracy Specialist Group (PDD Section) 15 – 17 April 2019, Nottingham Conference Centre, Nottingham Trent University, UK.

Deligiaouri, Anastasia (2019) “The ‘Lead candidates’ & the European Commission presidency. Are they (dis)connected? in
Bolin, N., Falasca, K., Grusell, M. & Nord, L., eds. (2019), Euroflections. Leading academics on the European Elections 2019, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, Demicom. 

Deligiaouri, Anastasia (2018) “Brexit and the European Parliament Elections”, in the 2nd Annual DCU Brexit Institute Report, June 2019, pp. 14-15


Deligiaouri, Anastasia (2020) “Engineering the potential while considering the risks for online deliberation” blog post published at 

Deligiaouri, Anastasia (2019) “European Parliament Elections 2019 and the European demos in the midst of difficult challenges”, blog post published at

International conferences/Workshops organised

Deliberation in Law making procedures, May 9th, 2019

E-Rulemaking pilot study/workshop